Primary Care Pediatrics
Major causes of childhood mortality have occurred in many low middle income class (LMICs), including 106 countries with accelerated declines in childhood mortality from 1990 to 2011; 80% of this decline was due to reductions in death from infectious causes. A large, and growing, proportion of global childhood mortality is therefore due to non-communicable disease. Indeed, 6.0% and 18.6% of deaths among children ages 5 to 14 years in lower- and upper-middle-income countries (MICs), respectively, are due to cancer.Pediatricians work both in hospitals, particularly those working in its specialized sub fields such as neonatology, and as primary care physicians who specialize in children. Neonatology is a sub specialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of new-born infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant.